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初中读后感的写作方法指导【热门3篇】

2022-11-26 00:31 文/夕阳

  写读后感最重要的一点是要读出所读书籍或者文章的“眼睛”,它是你展开来写的基础、中心和出发点,这个问题我们已经在上一讲里说过了,这里就不多讲了。其次,写读后感,有它一定的规矩,有的书上把它归纳为“引、议、联、结”,四个字,想公式一样。对于这些规矩我们不可以不学,考试时只要内容有创意,套用这种公式未尝不可;但我们也不要受其所限,写成千篇一律的“八股文”,也可尝试在结构上有自己的创意,有自己的个性。但不管怎样,读后感也离不开“读”——对原文的引述、概括、评价等等,离不开“感”——自己的感想。只要把这两个字表达好了,就是好的读后感。

第二是要准确选择感受点

  读完一本书或一篇文章,会有许多感想和体会;对同样一本书或一篇文章,不同的人从不同的角度思考问题,更是会产生不同的看法、受到不同的启迪。以大家熟知的“滥竽充数”成语故事为例,从讽刺南郭先生的角度去思考,可以领悟到没有真本领蒙混过日子的人早晚要“露馅”,认识到掌握真才实学的重要性;若是考虑在齐宣王时南郭先生能混下去的原因,就可以想到领导者要有实事求是的领导作风,不能搞华而不实,否则会给混水摸鱼的人留下空子可钻;再要从管理体制的角度去思考,就可进一步认识到齐宣王的“大锅饭”缺少必要的考评机制,为南郭先生一类的人提供了饱食终日混日子的客观条件,从而联想到改革开放以来,打破"铁饭碗",废除大锅饭的必要性。

After reading a book or an article, there will be many feelings and experiences; For the same book or article, different people will have different views and be inspired by different perspectives. Taking the well-known idiom "just make up the number" as an example, from the perspective of satirizing Mr. Nanguo, we can understand that people who have no real ability to muddle through life will sooner or later "reveal", and realize the importance of mastering real talent and practical learning; If we consider the reason why Mr. Nanguo was able to survive in the reign of King Xuan of Qi, we can think that leaders should have a practical and realistic style of leadership, and not be pompous, otherwise they will leave a hole for those who fish in troubled waters; If we think about it from the perspective of management system, we can further realize that King Xuan of Qi's "big pot rice" lacks the necessary evaluation mechanism, which provides objective conditions for people like Mr. Nanguo to live a long life, thus associating with the necessity of breaking the "iron rice bowl" and abolishing the "big pot rice bowl" since the reform and opening up.

  一篇读后感,不能写出诸多的感想或体会,这就要加以选择。作为初学者,就要选择自己感受最深又觉得有话可说的一点来写。要注意把握分析问题的角度,注意联系自己的实际情况,从众多的头绪中选择最恰当的感受点,作为全文议论的中心。

One piece of post reading feeling can not write many feelings or experiences, which should be selected. As a beginner, you should choose the point that you feel most deeply and feel that you have something to say. We should pay attention to the perspective of analyzing the problem, pay attention to the actual situation, and choose the most appropriate feeling point from many threads as the center of the full text.

写读后感的基本技巧:

  在读过一篇文章或一本书之后,把获得的感受、体会以及受到的教育、启迪等写下来,写成的文章就叫“读后感”。

After reading an article or a book, write down the feelings, experiences, education, enlightenment, etc., and the written article is called "the feeling after reading".

  读后感的基本思路如下:

The basic ideas of the review are as follows:

  (1)简述原文有关内容。如所读书、文的篇名、作者、写作年代,以及原书或原文的内容概要。写这部分内容是为了交代感想从何而来,并为后文的议论作好铺垫。这部分一定要突出一个"简"字,决不能 大段大段地叙述所读书、文的具体内容,而是要简述与感想有直接关系的部分,略去与感想无关的东西。

(1) Briefly describe relevant contents of the original text. Such as the title, author, writing time of the book and article, as well as the content summary of the original book or the original text. This part is written to explain where the feelings come from and pave the way for the following discussion. In this part, we must highlight the word "Jane". We must not describe the specific contents of the books and articles in large paragraphs, but should briefly describe the parts that are directly related to feelings and omit the things that are not related to feelings.

  (2)亮明基本观点。选择感受最深的一点,用一个简洁的句子明确表述出来。这样的句子可称为"观点句"。这个观点句表述的,就是这篇文章的中心论点。"观点句"在文中的位置是可以灵活的,可以在篇首,也可以在篇末或篇中。初学写作的同学,最好采用开门见山的方法,把观点写在篇首。

(2) Clarify the basic point of view. Choose the point that you feel the most deeply and express it clearly in a simple sentence. Such sentences can be called "opinion sentences". This opinion sentence expresses the central argument of this article. The position of "opinion sentence" in the text can be flexible, either at the beginning, at the end or in the middle of the text. Students who are just learning to write, it is best to come straight to the point and write their views at the beginning of the article.

  (3)围绕基本观点摆事实讲道理。这部分就是议论文的本论部分,是对基本观点(即中心论点)的阐述,通过摆事实讲道理证明观点的正确性,使论点更加突出、更有说服力。这个过程应注意的是,所摆事实、所讲道理都必须紧紧围绕基本观点,为基本观点服务。

(3) Put facts and reason around basic ideas. This part is the main part of the argumentation, which is the elaboration of the basic point of view (i.e. the central argument). It proves the correctness of the point of view by presenting facts and reasoning, making the argument more prominent and persuasive. In this process, attention should be paid to the fact that all facts and reasoning must be closely centered on and serve the basic ideas.

  (4)围绕基本观点联系实际。一篇好的读后感应当有时代气息,有真情实感。要做到这一点,必须善于联系实际。这"实际"可以是个人的思想、言行、经历,也可以是某种社会现象。联系实际时也应当注意紧紧围绕基本观点,为观点服务,而不能盲目联系、前后脱节。

(4) Integrate basic ideas with practice. A good post reading should have the flavor of the times and real feelings. To do this, we must be good at integrating with practice. This "reality" can be a personal thought, words and deeds, experience, or a social phenomenon. When connecting with reality, we should also pay attention to closely surrounding the basic views and serving the views, instead of blindly connecting and disjointing.

  以上四点是写读后感的基本思路,但是这思路不是一成不变的,要善于灵活掌握。比如,“简述原文”一般在“亮明观点”前,但二者先后次序互换也是可以的。再者,如果在第三个步骤摆事实讲道理时所摆的事实就是社会现象或个人经历,就不必再写第四个部分了。

The above four points are the basic ideas for writing the feelings after reading, but the ideas are not static and should be flexible. For example, "Briefing the original text" is generally before "clarifying the point of view", but the order of the two can also be interchanged. Moreover, if the facts presented in the third step are social phenomena or personal experiences, it is unnecessary to write the fourth part.

写读后感应注意的问题第一是要重视“读”

  在“读”与“感”的关系中,“读”是“感”的前提、基础;“感”是“读”的延伸或者说结果。必须先“读”而后“感”,不“读”则无“感”。因此,要写读后感首先要读懂原文,要准确把握原文的基本内容,正确理解原文的中心思想和关键语句的含义,深入体会作者的写作目的和文中表达的思想感情。

In the relationship between "reading" and "feeling", "reading" is the premise and foundation of "feeling"; "Sense" is the extension or result of "reading". You must first "read" and then "feel". If you do not "read", you will not "feel". Therefore, to write the feeling after reading, we must first understand the original text, accurately grasp the basic content of the original text, correctly understand the meaning of the central idea and key sentences of the original text, and deeply understand the author's writing purpose and the thoughts and feelings expressed in the text.

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