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托福作文中说明文精选范文

  题目:Should a person with an incurable illness spend his last days in a hospital where he or she can receive the best possible medical care? Or should this person be permitted to die at home? In a brief essay, respond to the above questions. Be sure to explain which position you support.

  试题分析

  一 条件:患不治之症的患者/在人世间的最后一段时间/到医院接受最好的医疗与护理/允许在家谢世。

  二 要求:就上述条件与两种处理方法发表意见,说明你支持何种做法。

  三 写作分析:本题是世界范围内经常争论的话题,但至今无定论.写作时可支持任何观点,写法用演绎法或归纳法。

  Should a person with an incurable illness spend his last days in a hospital where he or she can receive the best possible medical care? Or should this person be permitted to die at home? These two questions are difficult to answer and may cause some heated arguments. My view is that we have to consider two different situations and make our decisions accordingly.

  The first possible situation is that the patient is still conscious and able to express himself. In this case, we should talk to him and find out his own opinion. If he wishes to stay in a hospital, we should send him there and try to get the best medical care for him no matter how much it will cost. If he wants to stay at home, we should show respect for his opinion and do our best at home for him no matter how troublesome it may be. The rationale of this view is that the best we can do for a dying person is to satisfy his last wishes except when he wants anthanasia in a country in which it is still illegal.

  The other possible situation is that the patient is no longer able to express himself. In this case, it is better to let him stay at home and spend his last days with his relatives. This view is based on the following considerations. This first is that since the patient is going to die anyway, it is better for him to die at home instead of a place where his relatives are not allowed to stay with him all the time. The second is that it would be a waste of money, time, and energy to hospitalize the patient. The third is that what a hospital can do for a dying person can only bring more suffering to him. For instance, operations or intravenous drips are useless and painful and fist aids applied to him can only make him live longer to suffer more. The best thing a hospital can do is to reduce his pains in his last days, but this can also be done at home.

  In short, my view is that when the questions are considered objectively, the answer is clear: it is better for him, for his relatives, and for society if the patient stays and dies at home. However, as human beings, we cannot discuss a patient without emotional considerations. To fully understand this position, we can just imagine how we would feel if one of our realties were suffering from an incurable illness.

  范文写作分析

  对于这个涉及到复杂而又微妙的感情之事,作者避免了简单的表态方式。文章采用演绎法,在第一段摆明自己的观点,然后详细说明,最后再进一步说明,处理感情方面的考虑。

  第一段 叙述条件,摆明观点

  第二段 病人清醒情况下的做法

  第三段 病人无法表达意愿时的做法

  第四段 强调自己观点的合理

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